Complex patterns of domestic violence and crime may be transmitted across generations by neurochemical and mirror neuronal imprints that can undermine parenting within certain families and groups.

Therapy or assessment for a victim or an offender may be carried out at the request of a Tribunal, Barrister, or a Judge and requires specialised forensic expertise. Treatment may be court ordered although motivation tends to be stronger when it is voluntary.

Research shows that the experience of violence and crime can be experienced as traumatic for both victim and offender and that both need to be treated to prevent the recycling consequences of hatred, suspicion, and fear, which can also lead to the recurrence and perpetuation of crime.

Click here to read Perpetuated Crimes of Human Atrocity paper.


Violent physical, sexual or verbal assault
Sexual or professional misconduct

Violent physical, sexual or verbal assault involves recurring traumatic stress symptoms for the victim resulting from uncontrollable aggression/abuse from the perpetrator. Psychelp Parallel Process approach aims to empower the victim after treating their initial symptoms of trauma in order to replace the vulnerability of the victim with the resilience of survivor strength. Effective treatment of perpetrators is often a reverse process of replacing uncontrolled aggression with awareness of deeper vulnerability and need. For example

Psychelp counselling and therapy aims to address parallel processes of vulnerability and abuse as in other forms of assault. Psychelp assessments may involve seeing the actual perpetrator or victim on referral from a doctor, an agency or a court. It may also involve carrying out a confidential peer review assessment for a Professional Complaints Tribunal without actually seeing the parties involved. For example

Drink drive & illegal drug possession crimes
Juvenile justice
Repeat offenders or first offenders may be referred for pre-sentencing or fitness to stand trial reports that involve psychological testing of mental functioning and personality. Occasionally offenders will present independently with very good outcomes when there is genuine motivation to change. Drug and alcohol counselling and brief Cognitive Behaviour Therapy are usually the most effective approaches.
Juvenile Justice crime may involve the same Psychelp processes as for adult crime but hearings are in the Juvenile Court and psychological assessment, counselling and case management is routinely involved in more complex cases. Family support is an important aspect of management to prevent future recurrence.